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France was the first nation to set up a countrywide system or controlling the origin and quality of its wines. The success of French wine has been built on deservedly famous regions that have been enshrined by AOC (Appellation d' Orgine Controlee) laws. There are over 147,000 vineyard owners, 110,000 of whom make and sell wine, and more than 58,000 are producers of AOC wines) 

Merlot is the most planted graper variety of any color in France, while Ugni Blanc is the widest planted white grape variety in France.

A Little Bit of History:

Rene Renou (director of INAO) shook the very foundation of French Culture tradition when he proposed a superappellation, later called Appellation d' Origine Controlee d' Excellence (AOCE), would be bestowed on wines of "demonstratably superior quality". The reason behind this is the French produces both the best and the worst wines in the world becasue of its fixation with tradition.

Burgundy was one that was able to try it, but they were given a set time to present modifications and proposals for putting plans into place. For Burgundy to even become eligible for an AOCE, a minimum of 75 percent of the producers in an appellation would have to approve the tighter regulations.Also the problem was the AOCE designation would be granted only to areas that agreed to a series of strict regulations in every area of vineyard management and winemaking, including lower yields, higher planting density, harvesting, aging, grape varieties, wines judged by tasting panels.